Do I need 5 axis or flat laser laser cutting?

The main difference between 5-axis laser cutting and flat laser cutting lies in the level of complexity and the types of cuts they can perform. Both methods utilize laser technology for cutting materials, but they are suitable for different applications and offer distinct advantages:

  1. Flat Laser Cutting: Flat laser cutting is the most common and widely used form of laser cutting. It involves a laser beam moving in a two-dimensional plane (X and Y axes) to cut flat, sheet-like materials. The cutting head remains fixed at a set distance from the material being cut, and the laser beam follows a predefined path to create the desired shapes.

Advantages of Flat Laser Cutting:

  • Well-suited for cutting two-dimensional shapes out of flat materials, such as sheets of metal, plastic, wood, or other materials. Please note that GF Laser only offer a metal laser cutting service.
  • Efficient for high-volume, repetitive cutting jobs.
  • Generally more cost-effective than 5-axis laser cutting.
  1. 5-Axis Laser Cutting: 5-axis laser cutting is a more advanced and versatile method that allows the laser head to move in five axes: X, Y, Z (vertical movement), and two rotational axes (typically referred to as A and B axes). This multidirectional movement enables the laser to cut complex three-dimensional shapes on various materials.

Advantages of 5-Axis Laser Cutting:

  • Capability to cut three-dimensional shapes and contours, making it suitable for complex parts and components such as pressings, extrusions and spinnings.
  • Reduces the need for multiple setups and secondary operations, which can save time and increase efficiency.
  • Much more cost efficient solution when compared to tooling in particular for low volume projects.

While both flat laser cutting and 5-axis laser cutting use laser beams to cut materials, the key distinction lies in their application. Flat laser cutting is ideal for simple two-dimensional shapes, while 5-axis laser cutting excels at handling more intricate three-dimensional components. The choice between the two methods depends on the specific requirements of the project, the complexity of the shapes needed, and the materials to be cut.

For more details call us today on 01384 245095 or email via our contact page.